Although Ninevah repented at the message of Jonah, Nahum’s prophecy depicts Ninevah’s future as meager. In Nahum’s message, the Lord is judging the Assyrians for their great atrocities against other nations and their pride.

Author and Date

Not much is known about Nahum the Prophet. Because the destruction of Thebes is mentioned (3:8), coupled with the fact that Ninevah has not yet fallen (652 B.C.), the prophecy is dated around 654 B.C.


  1. The Certainty of God’s Judgment (1:1-15)
  2. The Description of God’s Judgment (2:1-13)
  3. The Reasons for God’s Judgment (3:1-19)


The book of Nahum begins in the style of a psalm that exhalts God for his awesome power. His power is manifested both in his goodness and in his judgment. Assyria was the greatest nation on earth. Moreover, they were the most powerful nation in the Middle East for over 2,000 years. They struck fear in everyone’s heart. In spite of their greatness, however, they are nothing compared to the greatness of God.

The greatness of God’s power is truly awesome. Assyria’s power as a nation is nothing in reality when compared to the might of God. Ninevah found both abudance and refuge between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Lord, however, if he chose, could not only dry up those two rivers, but the sea into which they run (1:4). Likewise, the Lord can do whatever he desires to the mighty Assyrian nation, “No more shall your name be perpetuated” (1:14).