Micah is slightly different from the other prophets in that he preaches to the Northern tribes from the location of the Southern tribes. This book contains three clearly marked sermons which were given at various times throughout his ministry.
Author and Date
Micah’s ministry seems to have lasted a long time like Isaiah’s. He was a contemporary of Isaiah, Hosea, and Amos. The southern kings, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, are mentioned which dates his ministry between the years of 750 and 687 B.C.
- Sermon Against Samaria and Jerusalem (1-2)
- Sermon Against the Rulers of Israel (3-5)
- Sermon Against the People of Israel (6-7)
Each of Micah’s three recorded messages consists of similar traits. Each sermon opens with a statement of judgment, a defense of judgment, and a statement about the future. The defense of judgment describes the way things were at the time of Michah’s preaching, while the descriptions of the future depict the way things should be. A clear example is found in the second sermon against the rulers of Israel. The rulers of Israel practice injustice, hate the good, and love evil (3:1-3). In contrast, one day a ruler will rise up and rule the people in righteousness (5:2-5).
Micah’s response to impending doom upon Israel is this “But as for me, I will look to the Lord; I will wait for the God of my salvation; my God will hear me” (7:7). God has given to him a vision of order for which Micah longs as he dwells in the midst of chaos.